Net Income: Definition, Explanation, Calculation and Examples

Net Income: Definition, Explanation, Calculation and Examples


To anyone who has never worked in business, the phrase net income can seem mystifying. If you think about it, this term actually means different things to different people.

This is usually the most commonly reported figure because it can be seen in a single monthly, quarterly, or yearly report. When you have figured out your expenses and profits, you will need to figure out the difference. The difference will be your net income.

What is net income?

Net income is your profit after accounting for the expenses and other income. A business owner has to decide which item should be excluded when figuring his or her income. It includes the income from wages, salaries, commissions, capital gains, interest, rents, and royalties. For example, if a salesperson took home a commission of five hundred dollars, he or she would have an income of five hundred plus five hundred minus the commission rate.

Net Income

Net Income Formula

It is the total of all income received minus the expenses associated with it. It will also include the income taxes that are deducted from your paycheck each month.

It is calculated on the basis of your annual gross receipts. Gross receipts are the actual cash value of the merchandise or services that you sold. Once you subtract your inventory costs, advertising and marketing costs, and other miscellaneous costs, you will have your net income.

It will be different if you subtract out your selling costs from your gross receipts. These expenses could include such items as business insurance, payroll taxes, equipment leasing, rent, and legal fees.


The first step in understanding the is to learn how to interpret financial statements. This process includes looking at your income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement.

Balanced income statement is the most basic income statement for a company or an individual. It reports the balance of your assets and liabilities. In this section, you would see the Company’s assets and their value.

The cash flow statement shows your cash inflow and outflow and the rate at which your cash is generated. This is a good way to get an overview of the cash generation. To interpret it, you must know the amount of money that flows into and out of your business.

To understand our concept, the next step is to look at the dividends that the Company pays. Dividends are one of the major sources of cash. For further understanding, we must look at the characteristics of a dividend. The profit of the dividend is a percentage of the cost of the shares paid.

The higher the profit margin of the Company, the higher the net income of the Company. As we know it is the difference between the cost of the investment and the actual profit of the investment.

The next step is to understand how to calculate net income. To find out the net operating income of a particular Company, you can use a comparative analysis. For example, if you analyze the prices of the stock of Company A in different time periods, you will get the gross profit of Company A.

You will also get to find out the differences in net income of Company A and other companies in its category. If you analyze the turnover of Company A from its inception to present, you will get the turnover of Company A. You will get to get information about how much income Company A makes by selling a certain product. By looking at these financial statements, you will get to understand what profit the Company is making from its sales.

How to calculate net income from balance sheet

It is essential to understand the total assets and liabilities for the company and then proceed to the calculation of net income from this. As we know it is basically profit that is earned by the company. To know more about this, the details of the company can be known. Nowadays, many companies are closing down so it is important to learn about the details of such companies so that your company can survive in the market.

  1. In the first step, take the total revenue figure which can be founded on the balance sheet.
  2. Now, in the next step all you have to do is to subtract two figures from the revenue figure. These two are; the cost of goods sold (COGS) + any overhead or other costs incurred to produce the goods. This will result in the gross profit for the company.
  3. Now, you have the gross profit figure with you. Just subtract all the administrative expenses and selling expenses. This will result in net income before taxes
  4. Finally, we are in the last step of calculating net figure from balance sheet. All you have to do is to subtract income taxes paid (if any) from the net income before taxes. This will result in net income after taxes.

All companies have a financial statement in which you can find out the exact details of their income and expenses. The financial statement is the condensed version of the balance sheet. The balance sheet will show the finances of the company. The balance sheet tells you the amount of cash and non-cash working capital present in the business. It also tells you the income and expenses of the company. This is the first part of the financial statement that you have to study.

In the next part of the financial statement, the operating statement will tell the details of the gross and net income. Income is the profit that the company generates from all its activities. Net income is the profit that is earned by the company by selling, owning, and trading of shares, as well as any other earning. This is also called a residual income. Then comes the income statement, and this is the one that gives the financial statement in brief form.

How to calculate net income from balance sheet?

Gross vs Net Income

Although gross income and net income have many similarities, they have some major differences as well. What are these differences?

A gross income is income that is not taxable and that is the only income a person will make. A gross income will only be taxed if and when someone receives more income. Net income on the other hand, is the income that a person actually receives.

The second difference between gross income and net income is that net income is determined by subtracting the taxes owed from the gross income. This difference is significant because it means that there is no chance of an individual paying tax twice. It is only the gross income that are taxed, but that will be paid with the tax returns. It can also be used to compare an individual’s income to that of someone else.

The third difference between gross income and net income is that it takes into account the expenses that are incurred. This can be a disadvantageous or helpful thing for an individual. It is a disadvantageous thing because it means that a person who has expenses may end up paying more taxes than the actual amount they spent.

The fourth difference is that in a case of gross income a person is not required to pay any taxes. However, when it comes to net income there is an obligation to pay taxes. This may work to the advantage of a person in that they are not obligated to pay any taxes at all and are also not forced to pay off their debts.

The fifth difference is that the first three of these differences are required on a monthly basis. They require that a person to file their taxes and this may mean that a person has to spend several months filing their taxes. This is something that must be considered, because even if the person may not have spent many months filing their taxes, it can still add up-to many months of a person’s life.

The sixth difference is that gross income includes the earned income and net income includes the unearned income. Unearned income is income that a person makes without putting in any work. This income can be anything, such as the sales of a product, the wages a person earns from doing free work, or any sort of sales that a person may get from selling a product.

net income vs net profit

Differences between net income and net profit in the financial statement is a key aspect that should be considered by anyone who has some responsibility to look at the financial statements of his or her company. The differences between net income and net profit in the financial statement is that the former is the difference between earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) and earnings before tax (EBT). EBITDA is the most common way of calculating earnings and EBT is a way of accounting for the effect of all the tax deductions.

Net income is the profit after tax and net profit is the difference between the gross income and tax deduction. If net income is greater than the net profit, then the gross income will show higher than the tax deduction. On the other hand, if the net profit is less than net income then gross income will show lower than the tax deduction. One or both of these situations can happen with the same entity.

Because of the differences between net income and net profit, it is necessary to calculate the profit after tax using a different method than the net income calculation. This makes the process of calculating the profit after tax more complex and time consuming. A better option would be to use a net income and net profit calculator to simplify the calculation.

It has been stated that net income is a method of calculating the net profit after tax. In this method, you first subtract depreciation from the income before tax and add the net income figure. The difference between net income and net profit will be your gross income and the gross profit after tax. This will give you the net profit after tax. Therefore, it is important to consider the gross income before tax and the net income after tax to arrive at the net profit. It is also important to consider the depreciation and amortization during the reporting period.

Net Profit Is A Different Method of Calculating The Difference Between Gross Income and Tax Deduction The difference between net profit and net income is the difference between gross income and tax deduction. When calculating net profit, the gross income and tax deduction are both subtracted from net income to get the net profit. Therefore, the net profit is the difference between gross income and tax deduction.

A better option would be to use a net income and net profit calculator to simplify the calculation. Net income and net profit calculators are good ways to help you determine the gross income and tax deduction. By using a net income and net profit calculator, you will be able to calculate the net profit after tax.

Net Income and Accounting Equation

Net income is defined as the difference between total sales and the total expenses of the company. In other words, it is the amount of money that the company spends on product purchases and in order to make money from them. It is defined as revenue minus cost of products. The revenue or net income of the company is usually expressed as a percentage of the net sales or the operating expenses. It is very important to note that net income is not the only thing which can be used to evaluate the financial performance of a company, it is just one of the many measures which are used for that purpose.

For example, when you talk about net income the first thing that comes to your mind is that of business or profit. Net income, of course, should always be higher than the expenses because its income is more than what is spent on marketing or profit. The importance of net income is that it helps the business owner to make sure that the expenses of the company are at par with the revenue. As mentioned above, it is always considered as a percentage of the company’s net sales or operating expenses.

The equation for net income is very simple. The net income is calculated by dividing the total sales by the total expenses. You will have to provide some input in this equation for net income.

In order to get the real picture of the income equation for net income, you can do a simple calculation using net income as an example. The net income will include all profits (minus the expenses). The next part of the equation for net income is the percentage of sales that is being attributed to the net income. This part of the equation for net income includes the number of years in which the business is going to earn the net income.